When in time did the human stooge get replaced by the stationary trunk, truck, or ground stationary stooge that we know today. I’m up to 1953 in reading my MAN collection and people were still required to stand there and get zapped while the other guy winds. Just curious. Wen Mac Bill
Just shortly after Moe/Larry/Curley/Shemp et al got tired of getting zapped! In a related development, as participation in Free Flight (Always Capitalize) diminished over the years, the shrinking pool of pursuedable hangers-on made it more difficult.
The first stationary stooge I saw was one that Phil Klintworth had in the early 60″s. He rigged one to fit in his Chrysler New Yorker, which had an enormous trunk. It was at a semi-finals in the Detroit area where we used to fly. Pretty ingenious, actually.